|Species/Subspecies:||Yersinia enterocolitica subsp. enterocolitica|
|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the French bacteriologist A.J.E. Yersin, who in 1894 first isolated the bacterium, which causes the plague.|
Species epithet: refers to intestine and colon.
Subspecies epithet: see Species epithet.
|Type Strain:||ATCC 9610 = CCUG 11291 och 12369 = NCTC 12982.|
||Forms small greyish colonies, which do not produce hemolysis on blood agar.|
|Micromorphology:||Motile rods (0.5-0.8 x 1-3 µm) with peritrichous flagella.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||Ornithine decarboxylase +, tryptophanase (-) and urease (+)|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Glucose (gas) -, Lactose -, Mannitol +, Rhamnose -, Sorbitol + och Suc +. Cf. other Yersinia spp.|
||Small (1-2 mm in diameter) translucent colonies, which become dark red in the centre ("bull's eye") on CIN-agar.|
|Disease:||Humans: yersiniosis (food poisoning). Pig: enteritis. Ewe: abortion.
|Hosts:||Humans, rodents, pig, sheep|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Within the genus Yersinia, 20 species have been described, all species belong to the family Enterobacteriaceae.|
|Legislation:||Y. enterocolitica belongs to category B as a potential bioterrorism agent according to NIAID|
|Comment:||Mannitol and a pH indicator (neutral red) are included among other components in the CIN agar|
|"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)|
For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was referred to Rhodococcus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name.Published 2021-10-10. Read more...