|Species/Subspecies:||Francisella tularensis subsp. tularensis|
|Categories:||Zoonotic; notifiable diseases and bacteria|
|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the American bacteriologist Edward Francis, who has studied tularemia.|
Species epithet: refers to Tulare county in California, where the disease was first described in rodents in year 1912.
Subspecies epithet: see Species epithet.
|Significance:||F. tularensis subsp. tularensis can only be found in North America.
|Alternative Species Name(s):||Yersinia tularensis|
|Type Strain:||B-38 = ATCC 6223.|
|Micromorphology:||Coccoid or short nonmotile rods.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||Tryptophanase - (= indole-), urease -.|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Glucose +|
|Spec. Char.:||Optimal growth temperature: 37°C. Facultatively intracellular. May penetrate intact skin.|
|Vector:||Mosquitoes and ticks.|
|Virulence Factors:||The capsule can be a virulence factor.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Six species have been described within genus Francisella and this genus is related to Coxiella spp. and Legionella spp.|
|Legislation:||Tularemia is notifyable in Sweden. Francisella tularensis belongs to category A as a potential bioterrorism agent according to NIAID.|
|Comment:||F. tularensis subsp. tularensis is the most virulent subspecies.|