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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
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Species/Subspecies: Bordetella bronchiseptica
Etymology: Genus name: named after the Belgian microbiologist Jules Bordet (1870-1961), who first isolated B. pertussis.
Species epithet: with an infected bronchus.
Significance:  [Very important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Proteobacteria
Class
Betaproteobacteria
Order
Burkholderiales
Family
Alcaligenaceae 
Genus
Bordetella
Type Strain: ATCC 19395 = CCUG 219 = NCTC 452
Macromorphology (smell):
Bordetella bronchiseptica  Bordetella bronchiseptica  Bordetella bronchiseptica  
Small greyish white and shiny colonies (1-2 mm in diameter after 24-48 hours incubation). May give a thin zone of hemolysis on bovine blood agar (but not on horse blood agar).
Micromorphology: Small motile rods (0.2-0.5 x 0.5-2.0 µm), which appear singly or in pairs.
Gram +/Gram -:
Bordetella bronchiseptica  
G-
Metabolism: Obligate aerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/+
Other Enzymes: Tryptophanase (indol) -, urease +
Biochemical Tests: Citrate +
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Bordetella spp. does not ferment carbohydrates.
Spec. Char.: Optimal growth temperature: 35-37 °C.
Special Media:
Bordetella bronchiseptica  
Smith-Baskerville medium is a selective medium, which is used for cultivation of B. bronchiseptica.
Hosts: Dogs, cats, pigs, horses, rabbits, rodents (laboratory animals).
Disease:Primary and secondary airway infections.
Dog: Kennel cough.
Pig: Atrophic rhinitis (upper respiratory tract infection).
Cat: Rhinitis, pneumonia
Rabbit: Rhinitis.
Laboratory rodents: Bronchopneumonia.
Clinical Picture:
Virulence Factors: Fimbriae (adhesins), LPS, cytotoxins, typ III secretion system.
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_002927 RB50 5 339 179 1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AJ278452 DSM 10303 1523 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
Bordetella bronchiseptica  
Eight species have been described within genus Bordetella. The four species, which are described in VetBact, are very closely related.
Updated:2019-01-25

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