|Categories:||Zoonotic; motile; in the normal flora; primarily of interest in human medicin|
|Etymology:||Genus name: bacteria that require carbon dioxide and are related to the bacteria of the genus Cytophaga.|
Species epithet: from a dog bite.
|Significance:||Mainly of human medical interest, but also of importance in veterinary medicine as it occurs in the normal mouth flora of the dog and cat.
|Old Species Name(s):||Dysgonic fermenter 2 (DF-2).|
|Type Strain:||7120 = ATCC 35979 = NCTC 12242.|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Grows slowly and after 24 hours they can form small yellowish colonies (up to 1 mm in diameter).|
|Micromorphology:||Rod shaped (ca 4 x 0.5 µm). The bacterium has no flagella, but can glide on surfaces.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
|Disease:||The bacterium is part of the normal mouth flora of dogs and cats, but can cause serious human infections, especially after dog bites. The infection may result in sepsis.
|Hosts:||Dogs and cats.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
|Taxonomy/phylogeny:||Eleven species have been described within the genus Capnocytophaga. and this genus is closely related to the genera Flavobacterium and Riemerella.|
|Reference(s):||No. 142, 143|