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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Mycoplasma pulmonis
Category: Motile
Etymology: Genus name: fungus shaped.
Species epithet: of the lung.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Tenericutes
Class
Mollicutes
Order
Mycoplasmatales
Family
Mycoplasmataceae 
Genus
Mycoplasma
Type Strain: PG34 = ATCC 19612 = NCTC 10139.
Macromorphology (smell): Forms small and very typical umbonated colonies ("fried egg appearance"), which can be observed in a microscope.
Micromorphology: Very small and pleomorphic or flask-shaped. This bacterium is motile and can glide on surfaces.
Gram +/Gram -:G-, but is normally not gram stained because the cells will then be fragmented.
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic. Energy source: glucose (pH is decreased).
Catalase/Oxidase:?/-
Spec. Char.: Lacks a cell wall.
Disease:Lung diseases
Hosts: Rodents
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_002771 UAB CTIP 0 963 879 1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AF125582 PG34T 1 468 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 125 species have been described within the genus Mycoplasma. M. pulmonis belongs to the large phylogenetic hominis group.
Comment:Note that the mycoplasmas have recently been transferred to a new phylum, Tenericutes.
Updated:2016-01-28

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