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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae
Category: Notifiable diseases and bacteria
Etymology: Genus name: fungus shaped.
Species epithet: exists in the goat (the ram).
Subspecies epithet: from a goat with pneumonia.
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Tenericutes
Class
Mollicutes
Order
Mycoplasmatales
Family
Mycoplasmataceae 
Genus
Mycoplasma
Type Strain: F38 = NCTC 10192.
Macromorphology (smell): Forms small and very typical umbonated colonies ("fried egg appearance), which can be observed in a microscope.
Micromorphology: Very small and pleomorphic
Gram +/Gram -:G-, but is normally not gram stained because the cells will then be fragmented.
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:
Other Enzymes: Urease -
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP).
Hosts: Goat
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
LN515398.1 F38T 1 016 760 1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
M94728 F38T 1 522 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 125 species have been described within the genus Mycoplasma. M. capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae belongs to the so-called mycoides group. These mycoplasmas are more closely related to mollicutes within the genus Spiroplasma, which are plant pathogens, than with most other members of the genus . See the phylogenetic tree.
Legislation: CCPP is included in OIE's B-list of major animal diseases. In Sweden, the disease is notifyable the Swedish Board of Agriculture.
Comment:The mollicutes lack a cell wall and have recently been transferred from the phylum Firmicutes to a new phylum, namely Tenericutes.
Reference(s): No. 23
Updated:2016-01-26

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