|Etymology:||Genus name: The coccus of the bee.|
Species epithet: named after the god Pluto in Roman mythology.
|Significance:||The disease occurs almost world wide, but is rarely reported from Sweden.
[Of minor importance]
|Alternative Species Name(s):||Melissococcus pluton|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 35311|
||It produces small, white, shiny and well-defined colonies|
||Non-motile cocci in pairs or chains.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Biochemical Tests:||Citrate -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
|Spec. Char.:||Optimal growth temperature: 35°C.|
||Cultivated under anaerobic conditions on basal medium agar.|
|Disease:||European Foulbrood of honeybees.
|Hosts:||Honey bee (Apis mellifera)|
|Clinical Picture:||The bacteria attacks the young larvae in the open cells. You will find 3-4 days old larvae moved from the cells, as well as dead, limp and brown larvae.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Only one species (M. plutonius) has been described in genus Melissococcus and this genus is closely related genus Enterococcus. Thus, these genera are affiliated to the order Lactobacillales.|
|Legislation:||The disease is not covered by the bee disease law in Sweden.|
|Comment:||The disease is not as serious as American foulbrood (see Paenibacillus larvae).|
|Reference(s):||No. 84, 97|
|Link:||En översyn av lagstiftningen om bisjukdomar.|
|The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes|
The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon.Published 2021-11-25. Read more...