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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capricolum
Etymology: Genus name: fungus shaped.
Species epithet: exists in the goat (the ram).
Subspecies epithet: see
Species epithet.
Significance:Has been reported from Africa, Australia, Europe (not Sweden) and USA.
  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Tenericutes
Class
Mollicutes
Order
Mycoplasmatales
Family
Mycoplasmataceae 
Genus
Mycoplasma
Type Strain: California kid = ATCC 27343
Macromorphology (smell): Forms small and very typical umbonated colonies ("fried egg appearance), which can be observed in a microscope.
Micromorphology: Very small and pleomorphic. Non-motile.
Gram +/Gram -:G-, but is normally not gram stained because the cells will then be fragmented.
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic. Energy source: glucose (pH is decreased).
Catalase/Oxidase:
Other Enzymes: Urease -
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Glucose +
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Mastitis, pneumonia, polyarthritis, septicaemia.
Hosts: Goat, sheep
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_007633 ATCC 27343T 1 010 023  

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
U26046 California kidT 1 524 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 125 species have been described within the genus Mycoplasma. M. capricolum subsp. capricolum belongs to the so-called mycoides group. These mycoplasmas are more closely related to mollicutes within the genus Spiroplasma, which are plant pathogens, than with most other members of the genus . See the phylogenetic tree.
Comment:The mollicutes lack a cell wall and have recently been transferred from the phylum Firmicutes to a new phylum, namely Tenericutes.
Updated:2016-01-26

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