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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Borrelia afzelii
Category: Motile
Etymology: Genus name: named after the French bacteriologist Amédée Borrel.
Species epithet: named after the Swedish dermatologist Arvid Afzelius (1857-1923), who first described "erythema migrans" at a dermatology congress in Stockholm in 1909.
Significance:  [Important]   
Alternative Species Name(s):Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Spirochaetes
Class
Spirochaetia
Order
Spirochaetales
Family
Spirochaetaceae 
Genus
Borrelia
Type Strain: VS461 = ATCC 51567
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Spiral shaped (0.2-0.3 x 20-30 µm), motile and has endoflagella (axial filament)
Gram +/Gram -:G-, difficult to stain
Metabolism: Microaerophilic
Catalase/Oxidase:
Spec. Char.:
Vector:
Borrelia afzelii  
Ixodes sp. (tick)
Disease:Lyme borreliosis (Lyme disease)
Hosts: Birds, mammals
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_008277 PKo 0 905 394 1l + 8l 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AY342034 (T) 1013 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 40 different species have been described within the genus Borrelia and about half of these (among others B. afzelii and B. garinii ave been affiliated to B. burgdorferi sensu lato, which means B. burgdorferi in a wider sense. B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, in this context, means only the species B. burgdorferi.
Updated:2016-02-10

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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