|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the French bacteriologist Amédée Borrel.|
Species epithet: named after the Swedish dermatologist Arvid Afzelius (1857-1923), who first described "erythema migrans" at a dermatology congress in Stockholm in 1909.
|Alternative Species Name(s):||Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato|
|Type Strain:||VS461 = ATCC 51567|
|Micromorphology:||Spiral shaped (0.2-0.3 x 20-30 µm), motile and has endoflagella (axial filament)|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-, difficult to stain|
||Ixodes sp. (tick)|
|Disease:||Lyme borreliosis (Lyme disease)
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 40 different species have been described within the genus Borrelia and about half of these (among others B. afzelii and B. garinii ave been affiliated to B. burgdorferi sensu lato, which means B. burgdorferi in a wider sense. B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, in this context, means only the species B. burgdorferi.|
|New families introduced within the order Enterobacterales|
The order Enterobacterales (formerly called Enterobacteriales) previously consisted of bacteria with different properties and phylogenetically, these bacteria were far apart. In order for the taxonomy to be more in line with phylogeny, some of these bacteria have, therefore, been sorted into 6 new families.Published 2022-04-13. Read more...