|Etymology:||Genus name: nonmotile rod.
Species epithet: named to honour the French biologist Andre Lwoff (1902-1994), who received the nobel prize in physiology and medicin in 1965.
|Significance:||[Bacteria in the normal flora, which can sometimes cause disease]|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 15309 = NCTC 5866|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Small translucent colonies (1.0-1.5 mm in diameter)|
|Micromorphology:||Rods with twitching motility (not "swimming") (0.9-1.6 x 1.5-2.5 µm).|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Metabolism:||Strictly aerobic with O2 as final electron acceptor.|
|Biochemical Tests:||Citrate -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Acinetobacter spp. does not ferment carbohydrates.|
|Spec. Char.:||Optimal growth temperature: 33-35°C. Growth occurs between 20 and 37°C.|
|Hosts:||Many different animal species|
|Disease:||Bacteria of this genus can sometimes cause opportunistic infections in mammals.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 60 species have been described within genus Acinetobacter and these species are related to members of the genus Moraxella.|
|Comment:||An environmental bacterium that occurs in soil, manure, water and in the normal flora of different mammalian species e.g. horses, dogs and cats.|