|Categories:||Zoonotic; motile; notifiable diseases and bacteria|
|Etymology:||Genus name: thin helix (coil). |
Species epithet: named after L. Kirschner,
|Significance:||Leptospirosis is said to be the most wide spread zoonotic infection in Nature.
|Type Strain:||Serovar Cynopteri, strain 3522C = ATCC 49945.|
|Micromorphology:||"Sewing thread thin" (0.1 x 6-12 µm), helical and with a hook on each end. Motile and has two periplasmatic flagella.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Does not ferment karbohydrates.|
|Spec. Char.:||Generation time: 6-8 h.|
|Disease:||Leptospirosis, which is a zoonosis.
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 25 different species have been described within the genus Leptispira. L. kirschneri is closely related to L. interrogans. See the phylogenetic tree (Fig. 115:1).|
|Legislation:||Leptospirosis is notifyable in Sweden.|
|Comment:||There are different serovars and from a clinical point of view, the serovar is more important than the species as pathogenicity is associated with serovar, rather than species and different species may belong to the same serovar.|
|Link:||The Leptospirosis Information Center|