|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the French bacteriologist Amédée Borrel (1867-1936).|
Species epithet: named after Willy Burgdorfer, who in 1981 found spirochetes in ticks from the area around Old Lyme (Connecticut, USA) and associated the finding to the disease (Lyme disease).
|Type Strain:||B31 = ATCC 35210|
||Borrelia spp. have a planar flat-wave morphology. B. burgdorferi is 0.33 x 10-20 µm in size with 3-10 waves. Has 7-11 periplasmic flagella (endoflagella or axial filaments) at each cell end and is very motile.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-, difficult to stain|
||Tick borne, in Sweden usually by Ixodes ricinus but can most likely also be transferred by Ixodes hexagonus|
|Disease:||Lyme borreliosis (Lyme disease)
|Hosts:||Horses, dogs, cattle, humans|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 40 different species have been described within the genus Borrelia and about half of these (among others B. afzelii and B. garinii ave been affiliated to B. burgdorferi sensu lato, which means B. burgdorferi in a wider sense. B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, in this context, means only the species B. burgdorferi.|
|Comment:||The disease was first described in 1975.|
|"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)|
For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was referred to Rhodococcus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name.Published 2021-10-10. Read more...