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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology
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Species/Subspecies: Bacillus licheniformis
Etymology: Genus name: small rod
Species epithet: formed as lichen
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Bacillaceae 
Genus
Bacillus
Type Strain: ATCC 14580 = CCUG 7422 = NCTC 10341
Macromorphology (smell):
Bacillus licheniformis  
Round, irregular, whitish and medium sized colonies (2-6 mm i diameter). No hemolysis on blood agar. May form spores.
Micromorphology: Large motile rods (0.6-0.8 x 1.5-3.0 µm) in chains.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/V
Other Enzymes: Esculinase +, urease V.
Biochemical Tests: Citrate +, Voges-Proskauer +
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+++v+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
+++++
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
+vv++
Other carbohydrates: Fructose +, D-mannose +, ribose +, xylitol -.
Spec. Char.: Mesophilic (temperature optimum: +30°C) and may grow between +15 and +55 °C.
Hosts: Cattle, pigs, goats, (humans)
Reservoir: Soil
Disease:Abortion in cattle and pigs, mastitis in cattle and goats, (may cause food poisoning in humans).
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_006322 ATCC 14580 = DSM 13 4 222 645 1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
CP000002 (T) komplett 

Taxonomy/phylogeny: About 250 species have been described within the genus Bacillus. Bacillus licheniformis is closely related to B. subtilis.
Comment:Spore forming
Updated:2020-09-03

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