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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Bacillus licheniformis
Categories: Spore forming; motile
Etymology: Genus name: small rod
Species epithet: formed as lichen
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Bacillaceae 
Genus
Bacillus
Type Strain: ATCC 14580 = CCUG 7422 = NCTC 10341
Macromorphology (smell):
 
Round, irregular, whitish and medium sized colonies (2-6 mm i diameter). No hemolysis on blood agar. May form spores.
Micromorphology: Large motile rods (0.6-0.8 x 1.5-3.0 µm) in chains.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/V
Other Enzymes: Esculinase +, urease V.
Biochemical Tests: Citrate +, Voges-Proskauer +
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+++v+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
+++++
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
+vv++
Other carbohydrates: Fructose +, D-mannose +, ribose +, xylitol -.
Spec. Char.: Mesophilic (temperature optimum: +30°C) and may grow between +15 and +55 °C.
Reservoir: Soil
Disease:Abortion in cattle and pigs, mastitis in cattle and goats, (may cause food poisoning in humans).
Hosts: Cattle, pigs, goats, (humans)
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_006322 ATCC 14580 = DSM 13 4 222 645 1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
CP000002 (T) komplett 

Taxonomy/phylogeny: About 250 species have been described within the genus Bacillus. Bacillus licheniformis is closely related to B. subtilis.
Comment:Spore forming
Updated:2021-10-04

News

"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)

For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was refer­red to Rhodo­coccus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name. 

Published 2021-10-10. Read more...

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