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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Staphylococcus capitis subsp. capitis
Category: In the normal flora
Etymology: Genus name: bunch of grape-like cocci (coccus means a grain or berry).
Species epithet: from the head (of humans)
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Staphylococcaceae 
Genus
Staphylococcus
Type Strain: ATCC 27840 = CCUG 7326 = NCTC 11045.
Macromorphology (smell): Forms small chalk white colonies (1-3 mm in diameter), which are glistening, convex and have an edge. Does not give hemolysis in blood agar.
Micromorphology: Non-motile cocci (0.8-1.2 µm in diameter), which appear in pair or in tetrads.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:
Other Enzymes: Coagulase -, DNase w
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+--?(+)
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
-?+?-
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
?????
Is also fermenting mannose.
Spec. Char.:
Virulence Factors: Phenol soluble modulins (PSMs) that are proinflammatory and contribute to tha ability to form a biofilm.
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)GenomeRef.
CP007601 AYP1020 2 443 604 1c + 1c + 1pp Nr 156

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AB626127 JCM 2420T 1473 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
Reference(s): No. 156
Updated:2020-12-10

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