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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Bartonella elizabethae
Categories: Zoonotic; causes hemolysis
Etymology: Genus name: named after the Peruvian scientist Alberto L. Barton (1870-1950), who described this species in 1909.

Species epithet: named after St. Elizabeth's Hospital in Brighton, Massachusetts, USA, where the organism was first isolerated.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Proteobacteria
Class
Alphaproteobacteria
Order
Rhizobiales
Family
Bartonellaceae 
Genus
Bartonella
Type Strain:
Macromorphology (smell): Heterogenic colonies, small regular to irregular larger forms. Some strains give hemolysis on blood agar.
Micromorphology: Small (0.5-0.6 x 1.0 µm), nonmotile, slightly bent rods.
Gram +/Gram -:G- (weakly stained)
Metabolism: Aerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:-/-
Other Enzymes: Tryptophanase -, urease -
Biochemical Tests: Voges-Proskauer -
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Bartonella spp. do not produce acid by fermentation of carbohydrates.
Spec. Char.: Optimal temperature: 35-37°C. Very fastidious in culture.
Reservoir: Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Disease:Human endocarditis
Hosts: Human
Clinical Picture:
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
L01260 ATCC 49927T 1 466  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
More than 30 species have been described within genus Bartonella, which is relatively closely related to genus Brucella.
Comment:Zoonotisk
Updated:2020-10-28

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