|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the Peruvian scientist Alberto L. Barton (1870-1950), who described this species in 1909. |
Species epithet: named after the microbiologist Jill E. Clarridge III, who first isolated the organism in Houston, Texas, USA.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||Houston-2 cat = ATCC 51734|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Heterogenic colonies, small regular to irregular larger forms. No hemolysis on blood agar.|
|Micromorphology:||Small (0.5-0.6 x 1.0 µm), motile (twitching), slightly bent rods, which has polar flagella.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G- (weakly stained)|
|Other Enzymes:||Tryptophanase -, urease -|
|Biochemical Tests:||Voges-Proskauer -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Bartonella spp. do not produce acid by fermentation of carbohydrates.|
|Spec. Char.:||Optimal temperature: 35-37°C. Very fastidious in culture.|
|Disease:||Dog: Canine valvular endocarditis.
Humans: Cat scratch disease. Does not cause disease in cat.
|Clinical Picture:||Inoculation papules, fever, headache and lymphadenopathy|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||More than 30 species have been described within genus Bartonella, which is relatively closely related to genus Brucella.|
|The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes|
The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon.Published 2021-11-25. Read more...