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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Streptobacillus moniliformis
Category: Zoonotic
Etymology: Genus name: a twisted small rod.
Species epithet: necklace-shaped.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Fusobacteria
Class
Fusobacteriia
Order
Fusobacteriales
Family
Leptotrichiaceae 
Genus
Streptobacillus
Type Strain: ATCC 14647 = CCUG 2469 = CCUG 13453 = DSM 12112 NCTC 10651.
Macromorphology (smell): Small round, grayish and buttery colonies (1-2 mm i diameter). Do not give hemolysis on blood agar.
Micromorphology: Nonmotile, pleomorphic or rod shaped (0.3-0.7 x 1-5 µm). Appears in filaments or chains.
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:-/-
Other Enzymes: Gelatinase -, tryptophanase -, urease -
Biochemical Tests: Citrate -, hydrogensulfide +
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Glucose +, but glucose (gas) -
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Rat-bite fever in humans. Septicemia, arthritis, otitis media, hepatitis and abortion in rodents. Polyarthritis and synovitis in turkey.
Hosts: Rodents, turkey and primates (including man)
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_013115 DSM 12112T 1 662 578 1c + 1c 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperonSequence similarity
CP001779  DSM 12112T 1 506 100% 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
Only three species have been described within the genus Streptobacillus, which is closely related to genus Fusobacterium. However, the genus Fusobacterium belongs to the family Fusobacteriaceae and the genus Streptobacillus belongs to the family Leptotrichiaceae.
Reference(s): No. 88
Updated:2020-10-28

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