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Species/Subspecies: Shigella flexneri
Etymology: Genus name: named after the Japanese bacteriologist K. Shiga, who first (1896) discovered the bacterium, which causes dysentery.
Species epithet: named after the american bacteriologist Simon Flexner
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
PhylumClassOrderFamilyGenus
ProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacterialesEnterobacteriaceaeShigella
Type Strain: ATCC 29903.
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Motile rods with peritrichous flagella
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+-??-
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
?-+-?
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
??VV?
Glucose (gas) -, melibiose -, xylose -.
Spec. Char.:
Hosts: Children
Disease (Swedish):Shigellos
Disease (English):Bacillary dysentery
Clinical Picture: Diarrhea
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_004741 2457(T) 4 599 354 1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
X96963 ATCC 29903 1488 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 Shigella flexneri
Four species have been described within the genus Shigella. These species and Escherichia coli are all very closely related and can phylogenetically be regarded as the same species. In spite of that fact, they have been taxonomically arranged into two different genera.
Updated:2018-01-25

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New article about VetBact in SVT

In the last year's last issue of "Svensk Veterinär- tidning" (SVT), there is an article about changes and updates that have been made during later years.

Published 2018-01-11. Read more...

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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences