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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology
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Species/Subspecies: Proteus mirabilis
Etymology: Genus name: named after an ocean god (Proteus), who could transform himself into different shapes
Species epithet: wonderful
Significance:  [Very important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Proteobacteria
Class
Gammaproteobacteria
Order
Enterobacteriales
Family
Enterobacteriaceae 
Genus
Proteus
Type Strain: ATCC 29906 = CCUG 26767 = NCTC 11938.
Macromorphology (smell):
Proteus mirabilis  
Swarms across the blood agar plate and gives no individual colonies.
Micromorphology: Small (0.5 x 1-3 µm) and motile rod with peritrichous flagella.
Gram +/Gram -:
Proteus mirabilis  
G-
Metabolism: Fakultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Urease +
Biochemical Tests: Methyl Red +, tryptophanase (indole) -, Voges-Proskauer V
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+---(-)
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
----+
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
v?--?
Gas and acid are formed during fermentation of glucose.
Spec. Char.:
Special Media:
Proteus mirabilis  
P. mirabilis swarms on purple agar, but not on MacConkey agar or CLED agar.
Hosts: Dog, cat, cattle etc..
Disease:Otitis and urinary tract infections
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_010554  HI4320 4 063 606 1c + 1c 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AF008582 ATCC 29906T 1497 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
Proteus mirabilis  
Ten species have been deskribed within genus Proteus and these are found in nature as saprophytes.
Comment:Swarms
Updated:2020-09-15

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