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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Mycobacterium leprae
Category: Primarily of interest in human medicin
Etymology: Genus name: small fungus-like rod.
Species epithet: of leprosy.
Significance:  [Very important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Actinobacteria
Class
Actinobacteria
Order
Corynebacteriales
Family
Mycobacteriaceae 
Genus
Mycobacterium
Type Strain: Ej definierad.
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Acid-fast rods
Gram +/Gram -:G+ (but difficult to gram stain)
Metabolism: Aerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:
Spec. Char.: Even if M. leprae cannot be cultivated, it is regardes as a slow grower.
Disease:Leprosy
Hosts: Humans
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_002677 TN 3 268 203  

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
X55587 Leprosy Tissue Bank 1485 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 175 species have been described within genus Mycobacterium and this genus is closely related to Rhodococcus, Nocardia and Corynebacterium.
Comment:There is no type strain defined, because M. leprae cannot be cultivated on artificial media.
Updated:2020-11-05

News

New names of taxa within the classification category phylum

During October 2021, an article was published by A. Oren och G.M. Garrity, in which new names are proposed for a number of taxa within the classification category phylum. This has resulted in many discussions in social media about whether it was really necessary to make these changes, which have created confusion among microbiologists and other professionals who come into contact with bacteriology.

Published 2022-09-28. Read more...

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