|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the Swiss ophthalmologist V. Morax. |
Species epithet: of cattle.
|Type Strain:||ATCC 10900 = CCUG 2133 = NCTC 11013.|
||Small, dry colonies (1-2 mm in diameter). A hemolyszon is usually produced on blodagar.|
|Micromorphology:||Small nonmotile coccoid rods (1.0-1.5 x 1.5-2.5 µm), which are sometimes approaching the shape of cocci (0.6-1.0 µm in diameter). Appear singly, in pairs or as short chains.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||DNase -, tryptophanase (indole) -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Members of the genus Moraxella does not ferment carbohydrates.|
|Vector:||Autumn fly (Musca autumnalis) and other fly species|
|Virulence Factors:||Q-pili, which give the bacteria adhesion capability to epithelial cells in the cornea. I-pili, which contribute to bacterial survival in the host animal.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 20 species have been described within genus Moraxella and these species are related to members of the genus Acinetobacter.|
|New names of taxa within the classification category phylum|
During October 2021, an article was published by A. Oren och G.M. Garrity, in which new names are proposed for a number of taxa within the classification category phylum. This has resulted in many discussions in social media about whether it was really necessary to make these changes, which have created confusion among microbiologists and other professionals who come into contact with bacteriology.Published 2022-09-28. Read more...