|| Legionella pneumophila subsp. pneumophila|
||Genus name: small army.
Species epithet: lung loving.
Subspecies epithet: see Species epithet.
|Significance:|| [Primarily in human medicine]
||Philadelphia 1 = ATCC 33152 = CCUG 9568 = NCTC 11192.|
|Greyish white mucous colonies (about 3 mm in diameter), which often forms a continuous streak.
||Thin rods (0,3-0,9 x 2 µm), which are motile (most common) by means of a single polar flagellum (the bacteria are monotrichous).
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-
||Hippuricase +, urease -
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:
||L. pneumophila does not ferment carbohydrates since it is an obligate aerobic bacterium.
|Disease (English):||Legionellosis or Legionaires' disease|
||High fever, chills, muscle aches, headaches and diarrhea.|
||L. pneumophila has a type IV secretion system, which can translocate about 50 different effector proteins that are important for intracellular survival of this bacterium.|
Totally 4 strains have been sequenced and 0-1 circular plasmids have been found.
|NC_002942 ||Philadelphia 1T ||3 397 754 ||1l + 0 |
|16S rRNA Seq.:
|Acc-no||Strain||Number of NT||Operon|
|M59157 ||ATCC 33152T ||1544 ||3 |
|About 60 species have been described within genus Legionella, which is related to to genus Coxiella (although not that close).
||The legionaires' disease is notifyable in Sweden.|