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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology
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Species/Subspecies: Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium
Etymology: Genus name: small fungus-like rod.
Species epithet: of birds.
Subspecies epithet: see Species epithet.
Significance:  [Very important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Actinobacteria
Class
Actinobacteria
Order
Corynebacteriales
Family
Mycobacteriaceae 
Genus
Mycobacterium
Type Strain: ATCC 25291 = NCTC 13034.
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Acid-fast rods
Gram +/Gram -:G+ (but difficult to gram stain)
Metabolism: Aerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:
Spec. Char.: M. avium subsp. avium is a slow grower (it takes more than 7 days to see colonies with the naked eye).
Hosts: Birds
Disease (Swedish):Reservoir: AviƤr tuberkulos.
Disease (English):Avian tuberculosis
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_008595 104 5 475 491 1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AJ536037 DSM 44156T 1 472 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
Mycobacterium avium  
About 175 species have been described within genus Mycobacterium and this genus is closely related to Rhodococcus, Nocardia and Corynebacterium. M. avium subsp. avium is, as the name implies, very closely related to M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis.
Legislation: Avian tuberculosis is a notifyable disease in Sweden
Updated:2017-01-25

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