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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology
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Species/Subspecies: Staphylococcus sciuri subsp. sciuri
Etymology: Genus name: bunch of grape-like cocci (coccus means a grain or berry).
Species epithet: från squirrel.
Subspecies epithet: see species epithet.
Significance:It is important to keep in mind that this bacterium may carry different resistance and virulence genes.
  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Staphylococcaceae 
Genus
Staphylococcus
Type Strain: K21 = ATCC 29070.
Macromorphology (smell): Forms large greyish white colonies (9-10 mm in diameter), which become cream tint in the center. No hemolysis on bovine blood agar.
Micromorphology: Spherical cells (0.8-1.2 µm in diameter), which appear singly, in pairs or in tetrads.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: (Facultatively) aerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/+
Other Enzymes: Coagulase -, DNase (+)
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
++--+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
+++++
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
+?++?
Can also ferment fucose and cellobiose, which is unique for staphylococci.
Spec. Char.:
Hosts: Squirrel, dog, cat, goat and other animal species including humans.
Reservoir: The environment.
Disease:May cause skin infections, but it is not common.
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NZ_PPQD00000000 NCTC 12103 2 767 666  

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AB662960  NCCP-193 1552  

Taxonomy/phylogeny: About 70 species and subspecies have been described within the genus Staphylococcus.
Reference(s): No. 147
Updated:2020-09-17

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