|Etymology:||Genus name: a helix shaped rod. |
Species epithet: of the pig.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Micromorphology:||The cell is a tightly coiled helix with up to 6 turns (2.3-6.7 x 0.9-1.2 µm) and it has 4-10 bipolar flagella.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||Urease +|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Helicobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates. Exception: H. pylori, which can oxidize glucose to acetate.|
|Disease:||H. suis is associated with gastritis and ulcuration in the stomach.
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 35 species have been described within the genus Helicobacter, and this genus is most closely related to Campylobacter, Arcobacter and Sulfurospirillum. H. suis is closely related to H. heilmanni and other species (see phylogenetic tree in Fig. 244:1).|