|Etymology:||Genus name: a helix shaped rod. |
Species epithet: of the bile.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||Hb1 = ATCC 51630 = CCUG 38995 B.|
|Micromorphology:||H. bilis is fusiform (0.5 x 4-5 µm), slightly spiral and has 3-14 bipolar flagella.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||Urease +|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Helicobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates. Exception: H. pylori, which can oxidize glucose to acetate.|
|Disease:||H. bilis has been isolated from the intestine and the liver (bile), but it has not been proved that this bacterium is pathogenic.
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 35 species have been described within the genus Helicobacter, and this genus is most closely related to Campylobacter, Arcobacter and Sulfurospirillum. H. bilis is closely related to H. canis and H. hepaticus.|