|Etymology:||Genus name: a helix shaped rod. |
Species epithet: of the dog.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 51401 = CCUG 32756 = NCTC 12739.|
|Micromorphology:||Motile rod (0.2-0.3 x 1.5-5.0 µm), which is curved or spiral shaped, and has two bipolar flagella.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G -|
|Other Enzymes:||Urease -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Helicobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates. Exception: H. pylori, which can oxidize glucose to acetate.|
|Disease:||Gastroenteritis in dogs and humans as well as hepatitis in dogs, but pathogenicity has not been proved.
|Hosts:||Dog and humans.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 35 species have been described within the genus Helicobacter, and this genus is most closely related to Campylobacter, Arcobacter and Sulfurospirillum. H. canis is closely related to H. bilis and H. hepaticus.|