Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
|Categories:||Zoonotic; causes hemolysis|
|Etymology:||Genus name: twisted (like a chain) cocci (coccus means a grain or a berry and referrs to any spherical microorganism).|
Species epithet: from a dog.
|Significance:||S. canis is often isolated from dogs and cats, but it can also cause bovine mastitis. The bacterium causes sporadic cases of mastitis in certain heards and larger outbreaks in other herds by transmission between cows at milking.
[Of minor importance]
|Type Strain:||STR-T1 = ATCC 43496 = CCUG 27661|
||Medium sized β-hemolytic colonies (1-2 mm in diameter) after incubation for 24 h at 37°C on blood agar.|
|Micromorphology:||Cocci, which appear in pairs or short chains.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Other Enzymes:||Esculinase +, β-galactosidas +, hippuricase -, hyaluronidase -, urease -.|
|Biochemical Tests:||Voges-Proskauer -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
Other carbohydrates: amygdalin -, ribose +
|Disease:||Dog, cat and rat: opportunistic infections, e.g. abscesses, lymphadenitis, mastitis, prostatitis, pyoderma, pyometra and "puppy strangles".
|Hosts:||Dog, cattle, cat and rat.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 100 species have been described within the genus Streptococcus. Many species within the genus Enterococcus have earlier been classified as streptococci and, thus, they are closely related. S. canis is closely related to S. pyogenes.|
|Comment:||Belongs to Lancefield's group G streptcocci.|
|New names of bacterial phyla|
The taxonomic category phylum was previously not regulated by the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP), but now this has changed and it was decided to revise the names of bacterial phyla. All phyla must be written in italics (which has been done on VetBact also before) and have the ending -ota.Published 2023-03-01. Read more...
|The taxonomy of chlamydias|
Species within the family Chlamydiaceae were previously divided into two genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. However, the differences between these two genera were not that great and many research groups have not accepted this division. Therefore, the genus Chlamydophila has been returned to the genus Chlamydia and this change has now been incorporated in VetBactPublished 2023-03-15. Read more...