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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology

Species/Subspecies: Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii
Category: Zoonotic
Etymology: Genus name: named after the Peruvian scientist Alberto L. Barton (1870-1950), who described this species in 1909.
Species epithet: named after J. William Vinson, who together with Henry S. Fuller showed that B. visonii subsp. vinsonii could be cultivated on blood agar.
Subspecies epithet: named after the veterinarian and microbiologist Herman A. Berkhoff, the research of whom contributed to the understanding of Bartonella-infections in domesticated animals.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Type Strain: 93-CO1 = ATCC 51672
Macromorphology (smell): Heterogenic colonies, small regular to irregular larger forms. No hemolysis on blood agar.
Micromorphology: Small (0.5-0.6 x 1.0 µm), nonmotile, slightly bent rods.
Gram +/Gram -:G- (weakly stained)
Metabolism: Aerobic
Other Enzymes: Tryptophanase -, urease -
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Bartonella spp. do not produce acid by fermentation of carbohydrates.
Spec. Char.: Optimal temperature: 35-37°C. Very fastidious in culture.
Vector: Ticks
Reservoir: Dog, rodents
Disease:Canine and human endocarditis. Canine granulomatous lymphadenitis, rhinitis, peliosis hepatis.
Hosts: Dog, humans
Clinical Picture: Dog: fever and intermittent leg lameness.
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
L35052 93-C01T 1 432  

More than 30 species have been described within genus Bartonella, which is relatively closely related to genus Brucella. Two other subpecies of Bartonella vinsonii have been described: vinsonii and arupensis.


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