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Species/Subspecies: Streptococcus equi subsp. ruminatorum
Etymology: Genus name: twisted (like a chain) coccus (coccus means a grain or a berry and referrs to any spherical microorganism).
Species epithet: of horse.
Subspecies epithet: of ruminants.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
PhylumClassOrderFamilyGenus
FirmicutesBacilliLactobacillalesStreptococcaceaeStreptococcus
Type Strain: Mt 167 = CCUG 47520
Macromorphology (smell): Form non-pigmented, mucoid colonies after incubation for 24 h at 37°C on blood agar. The colonies give (clear) β-hemolysis on sheep blood agar.
Micromorphology: Nonmotile chain-forming cocci.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:-/?
Other Enzymes: Hippurate +, urease -
Biochemical Tests: Voges-Proskauer -
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
?+??-
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
????-
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
???-?
Other carbohydrates: Amygdalin ?, ribose +.
Spec. Char.:
Hosts: Sheep, goat
Disease (Swedish):Mastit
Disease (English):Mastitis
Clinical Picture:
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AJ605748 CECT 5772T 1410  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 Streptococcus equi
About 100 species have been described within the genus Streptococcus. Many species within the genus Enterococcus have earlier been classified as streptococci and, thus, they are closely related. S. equi consists of three subspecies, which are related to S. devriesei.
Comment:Belongs to Lancefield's group C streptcocci.
Reference(s): No. 107
Updated:2017-11-09
 

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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences