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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Staphylococcus schleiferi subsp. coagulans
Category: Causes hemolysis
Etymology: Genus name: bunch of grape-like coccus (coccus means a grain or berry
Species epithet: named after the German microbiologist Karl Heinz Schleifer, for his contributions to the taxonomy of Gram-positive bacteria
Subspecies epithet: coagulating
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Staphylococcaceae 
Genus
Staphylococcus
Type Strain: GA211 = ATCC 49545 = CCUG 37248
Macromorphology (smell):
   
Small (1.5 - 2.0 mm in diameter), opaque and glistening colonies. Gives hemolysis on horse blood agar.
Micromorphology: Nonmotile cocci (0.8-1.2 µm in diameter) in irregular clusters. Exist also single or in pair.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Coagulase +
Biochemical Tests: Voges-Proskauer +
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+v--v
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
--v?-
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
+?--?
Ferments fructose, galactose, mannose and ribose as well.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:
HostsDiseaseClinical picture
Dogs and catsOtitis and dermatitisOpportunistic
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AB009945 ATCC49545T 1492  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 70 species and subspecies have been described within the genus Staphylococcus. S. schleiferi is closely related to S. pseudintermedius, S. delphini and S. intermedius.
Comment:Can be confused with S. intermedius, S. pseudintermedius or even S. aureus subsp. aureus, which are all coagulase positive. Methicillin resistant strains has been isolated.
Updated:2021-02-18

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