|Etymology:||Genus name: a twisted small rod.|
Species epithet: necklace-shaped.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 14647 = CCUG 2469 = CCUG 13453 = DSM 12112 NCTC 10651.|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Small round, grayish and buttery colonies (1-2 mm i diameter). Do not give hemolysis on blood agar.|
|Micromorphology:||Nonmotile, pleomorphic or rod shaped (0.3-0.7 x 1-5 µm). Appears in filaments or chains.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||Gelatinase -, tryptophanase -, urease -|
|Biochemical Tests:||Citrate -, hydrogensulfide +|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Glucose +, but glucose (gas) -|
|Disease:||Rat-bite fever in humans. Septicemia, arthritis, otitis media, hepatitis and abortion in rodents. Polyarthritis and synovitis in turkey.
|Hosts:||Rodents, turkey and primates (including man)|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Only three species have been described within the genus Streptobacillus, which is closely related to genus Fusobacterium. However, the genus Fusobacterium belongs to the family Fusobacteriaceae and the genus Streptobacillus belongs to the family Leptotrichiaceae.|
|New names of taxa within the classification category phylum|
During October 2021, an article was published by A. Oren och G.M. Garrity, in which new names are proposed for a number of taxa within the classification category phylum. This has resulted in many discussions in social media about whether it was really necessary to make these changes, which have created confusion among microbiologists and other professionals who come into contact with bacteriology.Published 2022-09-28. Read more...