|Etymology:||Genus name: a thread with a loop.
Species epithet: killed by heat.
|Significance:||B. thermosphacta is of great concern in the food industry as product (meat) destroyer.
|Old Species Name(s):||Microbacterium thermosphactum|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 11509|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Small opaque colonies (0.75-1 mm in diameter). Does not give hemolysis on blood agar.|
|Micromorphology:||Nonmotile rod (0.6-0.75 x 1-2 µm). May form chains (or filaments), which form one or several loops at one end.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Other Enzymes:||DNase -, lecithinase -, hippurikase -, tryptophanase -.|
|Biochemical Tests:||Methyl red +, Voges-Proskauer +.|
|Spec. Char.:||Psychrotrophic, optimal growth temperature: 20-25°C, but can grow between 0 and 35°C.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Two species within the genus Brochothrix have been described.|
|Comment:||Tolerate 10% NaCl and can grow in up to 20% CO2. Not affected by vacuum packing or modified atmosphere.|