Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
|Categories:||Zoonotic; causes hemolysis|
|Etymology:||Genus name: twisted (like a chain) cocci (coccus means a grain or a berry and referrs to any spherical microorganism)|
Species epithet: from lack of milk.
|Type Strain:||ATCC 13813 = CCUG 4208 = NCTC 8181.|
||Small (approximately 1 mm in diameter) transluscent colonies after incubation for 24 h at 37°C. Many (but not all) strains give a (clear) zone of beta-hemolysis on blood agar. The hemolysis zone can be very thin or broad.|
|Micromorphology:||Nonmotile cocci (less than 2 µm in diameter) in chains. The chains are often longer if the bacteria originate from a fluid culture.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Other Enzymes:||Esculinase -, hippuricase +, coagulase -, urease -|
|Biochemical Tests:||Voges-proskauer (+)|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
Other carbohydrates: Amygdalin -, ribose +.
||CAMP test positive.|
|Spec. Char.:||S. agalactiae produces polysaccharide capsules of about 10 different antigenic types, which all contains sialic acid.|
||Purple agar with lactose is used to investigate if bacteria can ferment lactose under acid production.
SELMA- or SELMA Plus plates are used for cultivation of milk samples from suspected mastitis cases.
|Virulence Factors:||Antiphagocytic capsule|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 100 species have been described within the genus Streptococcus. Many species within the genus Enterococcus have earlier been classified as streptococci and, thus, they are closely related. S. agalactiae is closely related to S. dysgalactiae.|
|Comment:||Belongs to Lancefield's group B streptcocci.|
|New names of bacterial phyla|
The taxonomic category phylum was previously not regulated by the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP), but now this has changed and it was decided to revise the names of bacterial phyla. All phyla must be written in italics (which has been done on VetBact also before) and have the ending -ota.Published 2023-03-01. Read more...
|The taxonomy of chlamydias|
Species within the family Chlamydiaceae were previously divided into two genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. However, the differences between these two genera were not that great and many research groups have not accepted this division. Therefore, the genus Chlamydophila has been returned to the genus Chlamydia and this change has now been incorporated in VetBactPublished 2023-03-15. Read more...