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Species/Subspecies: Salmonella enterica subsp. arizonae
Etymology: Genus name: named after the American bacteriologist D. E. Salmon
Species epithet: of the gut
Subspecies epithet: of Arizona
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
PhylumClassOrderFamilyGenus
ProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacterialesEnterobacteriaceaeSalmonella
Type Strain: ATCC 13314 = NCTC 8297
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Motile rods with peritrichous flagella
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Biochemical Tests: Citrate +
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+(-)++-
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
+-+-+
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
(-)?-+?
Other carbohydrates: Dulcitol -. Cf. subsp. enterica. Ferments glucose under production of gas and acid.
Spec. Char.:
Hosts: Often in cold-blooded animals, especially snakes. Also occurs in the environment.
Reservoir: Reptiles, particularly snakes.
Disease (Swedish):Orsakar ej sjukdom hos kallblodiga djur. Kan i sällsynta fall ge infektioner hos spädbarn och personer med nedsatt immunförsvar.
Disease (English):Causes no disease in cold-blooded animals. May rarely give infections in infants and immunocompromised individuals.
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_010067 RSK2980 4 600 800  1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AF008580 ATCC 13314T 1 491 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 Salmonella enterica
Two species have been described within genus Salmonella. S. enterica belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae and is closely related to members of the genera Escherichia and Shigella. In fact, all members of these three genera Shigella form a monophyletic cluster (see Fig. 157:1 to the left).
Comment:There are about 100 different serovars
Link: Salmonella nomenclature
Updated:2018-03-15

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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences