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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology
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Species/Subspecies: Salmonella enterica subsp. arizonae
Etymology: Genus name: named after the American bacteriologist D. E. Salmon
Species epithet: of the gut
Subspecies epithet: of Arizona
Significance:  [Bacteria in the normal flora, which can sometimes cause disease]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Proteobacteria
Class
Gammaproteobacteria
Order
Enterobacteriales
Family
Enterobacteriaceae 
Genus
Salmonella
Type Strain: ATCC 13314 = NCTC 8297
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Motile rods with peritrichous flagella
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Biochemical Tests: Citrate +
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+(-)++-
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
+-+-+
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
(-)?-+?
Other carbohydrates: Dulcitol -. Cf. subsp. enterica. Ferments glucose under production of gas and acid.
Spec. Char.:
Hosts: Often in cold-blooded animals, especially snakes. Also occurs in the environment.
Reservoir: Reptiles, particularly snakes.
Disease:Causes no disease in cold-blooded animals. May rarely give infections in infants and immunocompromised individuals.
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_010067 RSK2980 4 600 800  1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AF008580 ATCC 13314T 1 491 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
Salmonella enterica  
Two species have been described within genus Salmonella. S. enterica belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae and is closely related to members of the genera Escherichia and Shigella. In fact, all members of these three genera Shigella form a monophyletic cluster (see Fig. 157:1 to the left).
Comment:There are about 100 different serovars
Link: Salmonella nomenclature
Updated:2020-05-28

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