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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Fusobacterium equinum
Etymology: Genus name: small spindle shaped rod.
Species epithet: of horses.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Fusobacteria
Class
Fusobacteriia
Order
Fusobacteriales
Family
Fusobacteriaceae 
Genus
Fusobacterium
Type Strain: VPB 4027 = NCTC 13176.
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Pleomorphic rods (coccoid to rod shaped).
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Catalase/Oxidase:-/?
Other Enzymes: Esculinase -, lipase +, Tryptophanase + (= indole +).
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Necrotizing pneumonia, pleuritis and paraoral infections.
Hosts: Horse
Clinical Picture:
Virulence Factors: F. equinum produces a leucotoxin.
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AJ295750 (T) 1472  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
Within the genus Fusobacteria, 14 species have been described and 2 of these are divided into 7 sub-species. Fusobacteria are related to genus Streptobacillus, but the latter belongs to another family, namely Leptotrichiaceae.
Comment:Opportunist, which exists in the normal intestinal flora of the horse.
Updated:2016-08-30

News

New names of taxa within the classification category phylum

During October 2021, an article was published by A. Oren och G.M. Garrity, in which new names are proposed for a number of taxa within the classification category phylum. This has resulted in many discussions in social media about whether it was really necessary to make these changes, which have created confusion among microbiologists and other professionals who come into contact with bacteriology.

Published 2022-09-28. Read more...

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