VetBact
VetBact logo

VetBact

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum
Etymology: Genus name: small rod from milk.
Species epithet: of plants.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Lactobacillales
Family
Lactobacillaceae 
Genus
Lactobacillus
Type Strain: ATCC 14917 = CCUG 30503
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Straight non-motile rods (0.9-1.2 x 3-8 µm) with rounded ends. The rods appear singly, in pairs or as short chains.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Aerotolerant. Ferments various carbohydrates to lactate and acetate.
Catalase/Oxidase:-/-
Other Enzymes: Esculinase +
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
????+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
v++?+
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
??++?
Other carbohydrates: Ribose +, xylose v.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Not pathogenic
Hosts: An environmental bacterium, which may be found on vegetables and fruit as well as in the gastrointestinal tract in animals and humans.
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_004567 WCFS1 3 308 274  

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
D79210 (T) 1519 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
Genus Lactobacillus is rather big and more than 200 species have been described. They are relatively close to species within genus Enterococcus and genus Bacillus.
Comment:Considered to strengthen the intestinal mucosa and is therefore used as probioticum. L. plantarum is an important bacterium in the process that leads to fermented vegetables.
Reference(s): No. 73
Updated:2018-11-29

News

New names of taxa within the classification category phylum

During October 2021, an article was published by A. Oren och G.M. Garrity, in which new names are proposed for a number of taxa within the classification category phylum. This has resulted in many discussions in social media about whether it was really necessary to make these changes, which have created confusion among microbiologists and other professionals who come into contact with bacteriology.

Published 2022-09-28. Read more...

Recently Updated

Recent blog posts


Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences