Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
|Species/Subspecies:||Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum|
|Etymology:||Genus name: small rod from milk.|
Species epithet: of plants.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 14917 = CCUG 30503|
|Micromorphology:||Straight non-motile rods (0.9-1.2 x 3-8 µm) with rounded ends. The rods appear singly, in pairs or as short chains.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Metabolism:||Aerotolerant. Ferments various carbohydrates to lactate and acetate.|
|Other Enzymes:||Esculinase +|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
Other carbohydrates: Ribose +, xylose v.
|Hosts:||An environmental bacterium, which may be found on vegetables and fruit as well as in the gastrointestinal tract in animals and humans.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Genus Lactobacillus is rather big and more than 200 species have been described. They are relatively close to species within genus Enterococcus and genus Bacillus.|
|Comment:||Considered to strengthen the intestinal mucosa and is therefore used as probioticum. L. plantarum is an important bacterium in the process that leads to fermented vegetables.|
|New names of bacterial phyla|
The taxonomic category phylum was previously not regulated by the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP), but now this has changed and it was decided to revise the names of bacterial phyla. All phyla must be written in italics (which has been done on VetBact also before) and have the ending -ota.Published 2023-03-01. Read more...
|The taxonomy of chlamydias|
Species within the family Chlamydiaceae were previously divided into two genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. However, the differences between these two genera were not that great and many research groups have not accepted this division. Therefore, the genus Chlamydophila has been returned to the genus Chlamydia and this change has now been incorporated in VetBactPublished 2023-03-15. Read more...