|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the French bacteriologist Amédée Borrel (1867-1936).|
Species epithet: named after the French clinician Charles Garin, who in 1922 described neurological symptoms following tick bites.
|Alternative Species Name(s):||Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato|
|Type Strain:||20047 = ATCC 51383|
|Micromorphology:||Spiral shaped (0.2-0.3 x 20-30 µm), motile and has endoflagella (axial filament)|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-, difficult to stain|
|Disease:||Lyme borreliosis (Lyme disease)
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 40 different species have been described within the genus Borrelia and about half of these (among others B. afzelii and B. garinii ave been affiliated to B. burgdorferi sensu lato, which means B. burgdorferi in a wider sense. B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, in this context, means only the species B. burgdorferi.|
|Comment:||Vector borne (ticks)|
|New names of taxa within the classification category phylum|
During October 2021, an article was published by A. Oren och G.M. Garrity, in which new names are proposed for a number of taxa within the classification category phylum. This has resulted in many discussions in social media about whether it was really necessary to make these changes, which have created confusion among microbiologists and other professionals who come into contact with bacteriology.Published 2022-09-28. Read more...