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Species/Subspecies: Clostridium colinum
Etymology: Genus name: a small spindle.
Species epithet: refers to the most sensitive host, the quail.
Significance:Important in USA, because the mortality in quails is high (up to 100%).
  [Of minor importance]   
Type Strain: 72042 = ATCC 27770 = CCUG 21927.
Macromorphology (smell): C. colinum forms verey small colonies on bloodagar (pinpoint to 0.5 mm in diameter). The colonies are greyish white to colourless and most strains are α-hemolytic.
Micromorphology: Motile and peritrichous rods (1 x 3-4 ┬Ám), which appear singly or in pairs. C. colinum has ovala and subterminal spores.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Anaerobic
Other Enzymes: Eskulinase +, lecithinase -, tryptophanase - (= indol -).
Spec. Char.:
Hosts: Quails, turkeys, pheasants, grouse and chicken.
Disease (Swedish):Enterit (inflammation i tunntarmen). Hos vaktel talar man om vaktelsjuka.
Disease (English):Enteritis (inflammation of the small intestine). In quails, the disease is simply called quail disease.
Clinical Picture: Intestinal ulceration and sometimes liver nekrosis.
Virulence Factors: Enterotoxin
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
X76748 DSM 6011T 1473  



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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences