|Species/Subspecies:||Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii|
|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the Peruvian scientist Alberto L. Barton (1870-1950), who described this species in 1909. |
Species epithet: named after J. William Vinson, who together with Henry S. Fuller showed that B. visonii subsp. vinsonii could be cultivated on blood agar.
Subspecies epithet: named after the veterinarian and microbiologist Herman A. Berkhoff, the research of whom contributed to the understanding of Bartonella-infections in domesticated animals.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||93-CO1 = ATCC 51672|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Heterogenic colonies, small regular to irregular larger forms. No hemolysis on blood agar.|
|Micromorphology:||Small (0.5-0.6 x 1.0 µm), nonmotile, slightly bent rods.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G- (weakly stained)|
|Other Enzymes:||Tryptophanase -, urease -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Bartonella spp. do not produce acid by fermentation of carbohydrates.|
|Spec. Char.:||Optimal temperature: 35-37°C. Very fastidious in culture.|
|Disease:||Canine and human endocarditis. Canine granulomatous lymphadenitis, rhinitis, peliosis hepatis.
|Clinical Picture:||Dog: fever and intermittent leg lameness.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||More than 30 species have been described within genus Bartonella, which is relatively closely related to genus Brucella. Two other subpecies of Bartonella vinsonii have been described: vinsonii and arupensis.|
|New names of taxa within the classification category phylum|
During October 2021, an article was published by A. Oren och G.M. Garrity, in which new names are proposed for a number of taxa within the classification category phylum. This has resulted in many discussions in social media about whether it was really necessary to make these changes, which have created confusion among microbiologists and other professionals who come into contact with bacteriology.Published 2022-09-28. Read more...