|Categories:||Motile; in the normal flora|
|Etymology:||Genus name: nonmotile rod.|
Species epithet: named to honour the French biologist Andre Lwoff (1902-1994), who received the nobel prize in physiology and medicin in 1965.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 15309 = NCTC 5866|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Small translucent colonies (1.0-1.5 mm in diameter)|
|Micromorphology:||Rods with twitching motility (not "swimming") (0.9-1.6 x 1.5-2.5 µm).|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Metabolism:||Strictly aerobic with O2 as final electron acceptor.|
|Biochemical Tests:||Citrate -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Acinetobacter spp. does not ferment carbohydrates.|
|Spec. Char.:||Optimal growth temperature: 33-35°C. Growth occurs between 20 and 37°C.|
|Disease:||Bacteria of this genus can sometimes cause opportunistic infections in mammals.
|Hosts:||Many different animal species|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 60 species have been described within genus Acinetobacter and these species are related to members of the genus Moraxella.|
|Comment:||An environmental bacterium that occurs in soil, manure, water and in the normal flora of different mammalian species e.g. horses, dogs and cats.|
|New families introduced within the order Enterobacterales|
The order Enterobacterales (formerly called Enterobacteriales) previously consisted of bacteria with different properties and phylogenetically, these bacteria were far apart. In order for the taxonomy to be more in line with phylogeny, some of these bacteria have, therefore, been sorted into 6 new families.Published 2022-04-13. Read more...