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Species/Subspecies: Actinomyces bovis
Etymology: Genus name: Greek actino ray, mykes fungus (referring to the radiating appearance of microcolonies).
Species epithet: of the ox.
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
PhylumClassOrderFamilyGenus
ActinobacteriaActinobacteriaActinomycetalesActinomycetaceaeActinomyces
Type Strain: ATCC 13683 = CCUG 31996 = NCTC 11535
Macromorphology (smell): Small opaque colonies (0.5-1 mm in diameter).
Micromorphology: Small bent and nonmotile rod (diameter: 0.2-1.0 µm), sometimes branching filaments up to 50 µm
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic, prefers 10-15% CO2
Catalase/Oxidase:-/-
Other Enzymes: DNase +, hippuricase -, tryptophanase -, urease -
Biochemical Tests: Methyl red +, Voges-Proskauer -
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+v+-+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
-----
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
----(+)
Other carbohydrates: Xylose -
Spec. Char.: Temperature optimum: 35-37°C
Hosts: Cattle, horses
Disease (Swedish):Aktinomykos eller benaktinos (äldre namn på sjukdomen: "strålsvamp" eller aktinos, jfr. Actinobacillus lignieresii)
Disease (English):Lumpy jaw in cattle and horses.
Clinical Picture:
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
X53224 (T) 1367  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 Actinomyces bovis
The genus Actinomyces is composed of about 40 species, which are related to the genera Actinobaculum and Trueperella.
Comment:Slow growing (visible growth on blood agar in 48-72 hours), type species for the genus
Reference(s): No. 96
Updated:2017-05-10

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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences