|Categories:||Motile; notifiable diseases and bacteria|
|Etymology:||Genus name: a curved rod. |
Species epithet: of Uppsala, where the bacterium was first described at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
|Type Strain:||C231 = ATCC 43954 = CCUG 14913 = NCTC 11541.|
||Small pinpoint like colonies, which are non-hemolytic and swarm on moist agar.|
|Micromorphology:||Curved or helical and motile rod (0.3-0.4 x 1.2-3.0 µm).|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||Hippuricase - (= hippurate -), urease -|
|Biochemical Tests:||Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) +|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Campylobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates.|
|Spec. Char.:||Thermotolerant. Does not grow at 25°C, but at 42°C.|
|Reservoir:||Dogs and cats|
|Hosts:||Dog? cat? and humans?|
|Diagnostics:||Direct culture on selective media or culture after selective enrichment. Confirmation by MALDI-TOF, PCR or other molecular methods. Biochemical tests can also be used for confirmation.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 25 species have been described within in the genus Campylobacter and some of these are further divided into subspecies. This genus is closely related to the following genera: Sulfurospirillum, Arcobacter and Helcobacter. C. upsaliensis is closely related to C. helveticus and C. avium.|
In Sweden, human campylobacteriosis is notifiable to the Public Health Agency of Sweden.
|New families introduced within the order Enterobacterales|
The order Enterobacterales (formerly called Enterobacteriales) previously consisted of bacteria with different properties and phylogenetically, these bacteria were far apart. In order for the taxonomy to be more in line with phylogeny, some of these bacteria have, therefore, been sorted into 6 new families.Published 2022-04-13. Read more...