|Etymology:||Genus name: club-shaped bakterium (bacterium means small rod).|
Species epithet: refers to the kidneys.
|Type Strain:||ATCC 19412 = CCUG 27542 = NCTC 7448.|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Small yellowish opaque colonies. Give no hemolysis at blood agar.|
|Micromorphology:||Nonmotile straight or curved rods (0.3-0.8 x 1-8 µm). Form ramified aggregates, which look like chineese letters).|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Other Enzymes:||Esculinase -, hippuricase +, urease +.|
|Biochemical Tests:||Methyl red +.|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
|Disease:||Cystitis, pyelonephritis, pizzle (or sheath) rot.
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||176 species and 13 subspecies are described within the genus Corynebacterium. However, not all names have been approved yet and some species have been affiliated to another genus. The genus Corynebacterium is closely related to the genera Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Rhodococcus and Crossiella.|
|New families introduced within the order Enterobacterales|
The order Enterobacterales (formerly called Enterobacteriales) previously consisted of bacteria with different properties and phylogenetically, these bacteria were far apart. In order for the taxonomy to be more in line with phylogeny, some of these bacteria have, therefore, been sorted into 6 new families.Published 2022-04-13. Read more...