Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Spot indole test.
Bacteria, which express the enzyme tryptophanase can hydrolyze the amino acid tryptophan to indole, pyruvic acid and ammonia. Presence of indole can be shown by means of Kovác's reagent or by spot indole test. In the spot test indole reacts with p-Dimethylaminocinnamaldehyde to produce a blue to blue-green product. Kovác's reagent contains p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde, which forms a red complex with indole.
Method, spot indole test
Method, Kovac´s reagent
Confirmation of suspected E. coli-strains. Typing (species determination) of Brachyspira spp. in combination with other tests. Kovac's indole reagent is more sensitive than the indole spot reagent, but it is not recommended for use with anaerobic bacteria. The indole spot reagen is suitable for both aerobic and anaerobe use.
|New names of bacterial phyla|
The taxonomic category phylum was previously not regulated by the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP), but now this has changed and it was decided to revise the names of bacterial phyla. All phyla must be written in italics (which has been done on VetBact also before) and have the ending -ota.Published 2023-03-01. Read more...
|The taxonomy of chlamydias|
Species within the family Chlamydiaceae were previously divided into two genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. However, the differences between these two genera were not that great and many research groups have not accepted this division. Therefore, the genus Chlamydophila has been returned to the genus Chlamydia and this change has now been incorporated in VetBactPublished 2023-03-15. Read more...