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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology

Species/Subspecies: Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae
Category: Notifiable diseases and bacteria
Etymology: Genus name: fungus shaped.
Species epithet: exists in the goat (the ram).
Subspecies epithet: from a goat with pneumonia.
Significance:  [Important]   
Type Strain: F38 = NCTC 10192.
Macromorphology (smell): Forms small and very typical umbonated colonies ("fried egg appearance), which can be observed in a microscope.
Micromorphology: Very small and pleomorphic
Gram +/Gram -:G-, but is normally not gram stained because the cells will then be fragmented.
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Other Enzymes: Urease -
Spec. Char.:
Special Media:
HostsDiseaseClinical picture
GoatContagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP)Fibrinous pleuropneumonia with severe production of "port wine-colored" pleural fluid. The incision surface of the lung gets a marbled appearance. Sequestra are in general not formed (c.f. CBPP).
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
LN515398.1 F38T 1 016 760 1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
M94728 F38T 1 522 

Mycoplasma capricolum  
Seven species have been described within the revised genus Mycoplasma to which Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae belongs. Two of these are divided into four subspecies. These species and subspecies belong to the so-called the mycoides group and they are closely related to mollicutes within the genus Spiroplasma. This genus contains many plant pathogens. See the phylogenetic tree (Fig. 35:1). Note that it is only for the mollicutes of the mycoides group that the letter M stands for Mycoplasma. For the other species, M means: Mesomycoplasma, Metamycoplasma, Mycoplasmoides or Mycoplasmopsis.
Legislation: CCPP is included in OIE's B-list of major animal diseases. In Sweden, the disease is notifyable the Swedish Board of Agriculture.
Comment:Based on whole genome sequencing, the taxonomy of mycoplasmas has recently undergone a comprehensive revision. The new taxonomy has now been introduced in VetBact. However, for some mollicutes (mycoplasmas) the names have not changed and this applies to members of the mycoides group. Read more about the revised taxonomy of the mollicutes under the Term list of VetBact and see also reference 164 below.
Reference(s): No. 23, 164

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