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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis
Categories: Motile; notifiable diseases and bacteria
Etymology: Genus name: a curved rod.
Species epithet: of a fruit.
Subspecies epithet: of Venus (the goddess of love).
Significance:  [Very important]   
Old Species Name(s):Vibrio fetus subsp. venerealis
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Proteobacteria
Class
Epsilonproteobacteria
Order
Campylobacterales
Family
Campylobacteraceae 
Genus
Campylobacter
Type Strain: ATCC 19438 = CCUG 538 and 33899 = NCTC 10354.
Macromorphology (smell): Small rough colonies (1-2 mm i diameter) with irregular edge. Opaque and with to tan.
Micromorphology: Curved or helical and motile rod (0.2-0.3 x 1.5-5.0 µm).
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Metabolism: Microaerophilic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/+
Other Enzymes: Hippuricase - (hippurat -), urease -
Biochemical Tests: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) - (cf. other Campylobacter spp.)
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Campylobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates.
Spec. Char.: Optimal growth temperature: about 37°C.
Disease:Bovine genital campylobacteriosis
Hosts: Cattle
Clinical Picture:
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
DQ174131 NCTC 10354T 1 343  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
   
About 25 species have been described within in the genus Campylobacter and some of these are further divided into subspecies. This genus is closely related to the following genera: Sulfurospirillum, Arcobacter and Helcobacter.C. fetus is closely related to C.jejuni, C. hyointestinalis, C. coli and C. lari.
Legislation: Bovine genital campylobacterios is a notifiable disease in Sweden and should be reported to the Swedish Board of Agriculture.
Updated:2020-09-27

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