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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Staphylococcus sciuri subsp. sciuri
Category: In the normal flora
Etymology: Genus name: bunch of grape-like cocci (coccus means a grain or berry).
Species epithet: från squirrel.
Subspecies epithet: see species epithet.
Significance:It is important to keep in mind that this bacterium may carry different resistance and virulence genes.
  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Staphylococcaceae 
Genus
Staphylococcus
Type Strain: K21 = ATCC 29070.
Macromorphology (smell): Forms large greyish white colonies (9-10 mm in diameter), which become cream tint in the center. No hemolysis on bovine blood agar.
Micromorphology: Spherical cells (0.8-1.2 µm in diameter), which appear singly, in pairs or in tetrads.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: (Facultatively) aerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/+
Other Enzymes: Coagulase -, DNase (+)
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
++--+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
+++++
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
+?++?
Can also ferment fucose and cellobiose, which is unique for staphylococci.
Spec. Char.:
Reservoir: The environment.
Disease:May cause skin infections, but it is not common.
Hosts: Squirrel, dog, cat, goat and other animal species including humans.
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NZ_PPQD00000000 NCTC 12103 2 767 666  

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AB662960  NCCP-193 1552  

Taxonomy/phylogeny: About 70 species and subspecies have been described within the genus Staphylococcus.
Reference(s): No. 147
Updated:2020-09-17

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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