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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Staphylococcus delphini
Etymology: Genus name: bunch of grape-like cocci (coccus means a grain or berry)
Species epithet: of a dolphin.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Staphylococcaceae 
Genus
Staphylococcus
Type Strain: Heidy = ATCC 49171 = CCUG 30107 = NCTC 12225.
Macromorphology (smell): The colonies är medium sized (5-7 mm in diameter) and have a hemolysis zone. They are nonpigmented, convexa, glistening and opaque.
Micromorphology: Cocci (0.8-1.0 µm in diameter), which appear singly, in pairs or in clusters.
Gram +/Gram -:
Metabolism: Fakultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Coagulase +, urease +.
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
++??+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
-?+?-
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
?????
Acid is also produced from fructose and mannose.
Spec. Char.:
Reservoir: Mustelidae (e.g. minks, weasels etc.)
Disease:S. delphini has been isolated from aquarium-raised dolphins with skin lesions. The bacterium has also been isolated from horses and is suspected to cause infections.
Hosts: Dolphin, horse
Clinical Picture:
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AB009938  ATCC 49171T 1493  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 70 species and subspecies have been described within the genus Staphylococcus. S. delphini is closely related to S. pseudintermedius, S. intermedius and S. schleiferi.
Comment:S. delphini can be difficult to differentiate from S. pseudintermedius.
Updated:2015-11-27

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