|Etymology:||Genus name: small coccus (seed, grain).
Species epithet: golden yellow.
|Significance:||[Bacteria in the normal flora, which can sometimes cause disease]|
|Old Species Name(s):||Micrococcus lysodeikticus|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 4698 = CCUG 5858 = NCTC 2665|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Forms yellowish colonies with granular surface.|
|Micromorphology:||Small cocci (0.5 to 3.5 µm in diameter), which are usually arranged in tetrads or irregular clusters.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Other Enzymes:||Coagulase -|
|Hosts:||Belongs to the normal bacterial flora on the skin of mammalians.|
|Reservoir:||Soil, dust, water and air.|
|Disease:||May cause infections in immunocompromised individuals. May also cause food poisoning due to production of cadaverin, which potentiates the effect of histamine.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||The genus Micrococcus is composed of only one species, which is related to the genera Renibacterium and Dermatophilus.|
|Comment:||There are three different biovars: I, II and III.|